Monthly Archives: June 2014

Nocturnal Leg Cramps – Causes And Cure

leg crampsContrary to common belief, night time leg cramps are not only common among pregnant women. Many people can experience it due to many reasons.

Muscle cramps pertain to the painful contraction or tightening of the muscles. They usually last for a few seconds to a few minutes. They can happen to different parts of the body. Nocturnal leg cramps, on the other hand, usually happen in the calves and spread to the feet while a person is sleeping.

The primary cause of this is injury or overuse of muscles during exercise or physical activities. The way the legs are used during the day causes cramps too. Standing for long hours, sitting for a long time, crossing legs and putting legs in awkward positions all make the muscles to contract or tighten.

Exposure to cold weather or cold water also causes cramps during sleep. This explains why warm baths are recommended especially to those who have been outdoors before going to sleep. There are times when cramps are caused by lack of nutrients in the body. These include calcium, potassium and other minerals. Taking certain medications, coffee and carbonated beverages also cause muscle cramps.

As cramps happen, stretch and massage your legs. Take painkillers that can be bought over the counter for severe pain. Remember to take a lot of fluids because dehydration cause the muscles to be in poor condition. Directly apply a cold or warm compress on the cramped area. Taking a warm bath can help relax the muscles too. If the cramping doesn’t stop, try walking around and jiggling your legs.

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What Is Zoonotic Illness?

mother-daughter-catZoonotic illness or zoonosis is the infectious disease that humans catch from animals. This disease comes in different forms as it is caused by different elements present in animals. Animals have worms, protozoans, bacteria, viruses, fungi, prions, ticks and other skin parasites. All these can be found even in pets. However, their number is decreased among pets because these animals are often well-groomed by their owners.

The most common zoonotic illnesses include:

Scabies – This is caused by Mange mites that often attack the ears, face and extremities of the animal. This transferred to humans through direct contact. An infected human can experience intense itching and rashes. This disease is also called as ‘seven year itch’ because the mites burrow through the deepest layers of the skin.

Rabies – This is common among warm-blooded animals like bats, cats, dogs, skunk, etc. This is transmitted through the saliva. When a human gets bitten by a rabies ridden animal, he or she may die especially in the absence of immediate medical attention.  To protect pets from having rabies, they can be injected with vaccines for protection.

Salmonellosis – This caused by Salmonella bacteria among animals. They live in the blood or intestines of the infected animals. Humans who acquire  salmonellosis suffer from severe cramps, diarrhea and even death.

Cat Scratch Fever – This is common among outdoor cats. According to studies, this is spread through fleas. This is transferred to humans through cat scratch or cat bite. Fever, malaise and enlarged painful lymph nodes will dawn upon the infected human,

Pets can acquire these diseases anytime. More so, they can be born with them or with the different parasites that cause them. Through medication and proper hygiene, pets can be prevented from having them and passing them on to their human owners.